Brackets (AmE)/Square brackets (BrE) — [ ]
(for Brackets (BrE), see Parentheses)
a. Brackets/square brackets enclose editorial insertions, corrections, explanations, or comments.
e.g. She [Ayako Miura] died in 1999, after a remarkable career.
b. Brackets/square brackets may also enclose the phonetic transcript of a word.
e.g. He attributed the light to the phenomenon called gegenschein [ga-gen-shin].