Semicolon — ;
a. Use sparingly.
b. Use for a more important break in sentence flow than one marked by a comma. Use between two independent clauses not joined by a conjunction.
e.g. My uncle is going skiing in Hokkaido; I wish I could take holidays and go too.
c. Use for complex sentences with commas already in use.
e.g. In her travels she visited Japanese castles in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara; she ate sushi in Sendai; and skied in Hokkaido.
d. Use for emphasis.
e.g. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times.
e. Use to separate references (particularly Bible references) when they contain internal punctuation.
e.g. Luke 1:1-5; 3:15; 5:12, 14, 16.
f. Always place outside quotations marks and parentheses/round brackets.
e.g. Luther once called the book of James “the epistle of straw”; however, he wrote a brilliant commentary on it.
Slash/Forward slash/Solidus — /
a. Indicates alternatives.
e.g. They will sponsor road/rail transport for the teams.
Everyone can bring his/her own friend/s.
c. Can be used to indicate a time period (but an en dash is preferred).
e.g. We’ll be away June/July.
She was in Japan 1985/86.
(Preferred: She was in Japan 1985–86).
d. Designates line breaks when poetry or text from songs is written as text.
e.g. The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. / He makes me lie down in green pastures. / He leads me beside quiet waters.
e. Separates the numbers in a date, as in 3/11/2012.
f. Separates segments in an Internet address.
Square Brackets (BrE)
Street names and addresses
- In most cases numbers in addresses are written in digits.
2-1 Kanda Surugadai, Chiyoda Ku, Tokyo 101-0062