A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Semicolon — ;

a.     Use sparingly.

b.     Use for a more important break in sentence flow than one marked by a comma. Use between two independent clauses not joined by a conjunction.

e.g. My uncle is going skiing in Hokkaido; I wish I could take holidays and go too.

c.      Use for complex sentences with commas already in use.

e.g. In her travels she visited Japanese castles in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara; she ate sushi in Sendai; and skied in Hokkaido.

d.     Use for emphasis.

e.g. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times.

e.     Use to separate references (particularly Bible references) when they contain internal punctuation.

e.g. Luke 1:1-5; 3:15; 5:12, 14, 16.

f.      Always place outside quotations marks and parentheses/round brackets.

e.g. Luther once called the book of James “the epistle of straw”; however, he wrote a brilliant commentary on it.

Slash/Forward slash/Solidus — /

a.     Indicates alternatives.

e.g.     They will sponsor road/rail transport for the teams.

Everyone can bring his/her own friend/s.

c.      Can be used to indicate a time period (but an en dash is preferred).

e.g.     We’ll be away June/July.

She was in Japan 1985/86.
(Preferred: She was in Japan 1985–86).

d.     Designates line breaks when poetry or text from songs is written as text.

e.g.     The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. / He makes me lie down in green pastures. / He leads me beside quiet waters.

e.     Separates the numbers in a date, as in 3/11/2012.

f.      Separates segments in an Internet address.

Square Brackets (BrE)

See Brackets

Street names and addresses

  1. In most cases numbers in addresses are written in digits.

2-1 Kanda Surugadai, Chiyoda Ku, Tokyo 101-0062